Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!
In this lesson Chris Workman discusses British celebrations during Christmas and New Year. Please see his explanations and visual vocabulary below, and join Chris in 2013 for more free lessons!
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to everyone watching this, from Chris in England.
You can say, “Happy Christmas”. Or, “Season’s greetings”, “Festive greetings.”
But we normally say, “(A very) Merry Christmas and Happy New Year”. The word, “Christmas”, is sometimes shortened in informal writing to “Xmas”. “Festive” is an adjective to describe things to do with Christmas. An informal adjective is “Christmassy”.
Christmas is celebrated by most people in the UK, although we must remember that not everyone does. It is celebrated in the UK traditionally as a Christian festival, but atheists celebrate too.
Christmas and New Year dates:
24 December: Christmas Eve
25 December: Christmas Day
26 December: Boxing Day
31 December: New Year’s Eve
1 January: New Year’s Day
Christmas in the UK
Groups of people sing Christmas carols (songs). People build snowmen if there is enough snow and send Christmas cards to each other.
Father Christmas (or Santa Claus) delivers presents by flying with reindeer and climbing down chimneys.
Christmas lights / fairy lights
Presents / gifts on Christmas Day
Christmas visual tool
Candle — candles are often lit each day in the countdown to Christmas. (We also have special calendars with chocolates in.)